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Upcoming Events & Seminars

 


 HUNTER VALLEY FIELD DAYS 2016

TNN will be at Site 111-Maitland Showgrounds on APRIL 18th,19th and 20th.

Call in and talk to Bill Munton.  

Bill's mobile is 0407 252 318.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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Agriculture Issues

REFRACTIVE INDEX OF CROP JUICES -
CALIBRATED IN % SUCROSE OR BRIX

Refractometers are easy to use, even for the inexperienced operators. To make a reading, place 2 to 3 drops of the liquid sample on the prism surface, close cover & point toward any light source. Focus the eyepiece by turning to the right or left. Locate the point on the graduated scale where the light & dark fields meet. Read the % sucrose (solids content) on the scale. The chart represents values for juices of mature crops.

For reference, pure (distilled) water has a reading of “0” Brix.

Within a given species of plant, the crop with a higher refractive index will have a higher sugar content, higher mineral content, higher protein content and a greater specific gravity or density. This adds up to a sweeter tasting, more minerally nutritious food (maximum nutritional value) with a lower nitrate and water content and better storage characteristics.

Crops with a higher refractive index will produce more alcohol from fermented sugars and be more resistant to insects, thus resulting in decreased insecticide usage. For resistance to insects, maintain a Brix of 12 or higher in the juice of the leaves of any plant. Crops with a higher sugar content will have a lower freezing point and therefore be less prone to frost damage.

Soil fertility needs may also be established from this reading. Highest readings will be obtained where soil nutrients are in best balance and are made available by microbes upon demand by the plant.

FRUITS

POOR

AVERAGE

GOOD

EXCELLENT

Apple 6 10 14 18
Avocados 4 6 8 10
Bananas 8 10 12 14
Cantaloup 8 12 14 16
Casaba 8 10 12 14
Cherries 6 8 14 16
Grapes 8 12 16 20
Grapefruit 6 10 14 18
Honeydew 8 10 12 14
Kumquat 4 6 8 10
Lemons 4 6 8 12
Limes 4 6 10 12
Mangos 4 6 10 14
Oranges 6 10 16 20
Papayas 6 10 18 22
Peaches 6 10 14 18
Pears 6 10 12 14
Pineapple 12 14 20 22
Raspberries 6 8 12 14
Strawberries 6 10 14 16
Tomatoes 4 6 8 12
Watermelon 8 12 14 16

LEGUMES & GRASS
       
Lucerne 4 8 16 22
Grains 6 10 14 18
Sorghum 6 10 22 30
Clover 4 8 16 22
Grasses 6 10 14 18

VEGETABLES
       
Asparagus 2 4 6 8
Beets 6 8 10 12
Bell Peppers 4 6 8 12
Broccoli 6 8 10 12
Cabbage 6 8 10 12
Carrots 4 6 12 18
Cauliflower 4 6 8 10
Celery 4 6 10 12
Corn Stalks 4 8 14 20
Corn (Young) 6 10 18 24
Cow Peas 4 6 10 12
Endive 4 6 8 10
English Peas 8 10 12 14
Escarole 4 6 8 10
Field Peas 4 6 10 12
Green Beans 4 6 8 10
Hot Peppers 4 6 8 10
Kohlrabi 6 8 10 12
Lettuce 4 6 8 10
Onions 4 6 8 10
Parsley 4 6 8 10
Peanuts 4 6 8 10
Potatoes, Irish 3 5 7 8
Potatoes, Red 3 5 7 8
Potatoes, Sweet 6 8 10 14
Romaine 4 6 8 10
Rutabagas 4 6 10 12
Squash 6 8 12 14
Sweet Corn 6 10 18 24
Turnips 4 6 8 10